Significant contributors to obesity are sedentary lifestyle and overeating conditioned by eating habits and psychological problems. To identify the prevalence behavioral risk factors for obesity in children of school age in Kazakhstan 1,400 schoolchildren aged 11-18 years representing five oblasts and two large cities (Almaty, Astana) were interviewed. The proportion of children who spend two or more hours every day in front of a TV and/or gaming on a computer/tablet/ smartphone was higher in the older age group (14-18 years) than the group aged 11-13, at 65.9 percent and 54.9 percent, respectively. Older pupils spend more time gaming rather than watching TV (59.3 percent and 46.3 percent, respectively). When asked if they eat while watching TV/smartphone/computer etc., 46 percent of interviewed children answered positively. “Anxiety eating” after an argument with friends, a poor grade at school, or a failure at an activity, is a rather common occurrence among schoolchildren. Almost one in every three kids (28.7 percent) has admitted to eating “out of anxiety,” and this proportion increases with age. Approximately a third (29 percent) of the interviewed children have experienced a desire to “eat away” loneliness/boredom, and again, this proportion increases along with age. Therefore, the bad habits associated with eating behavior and sedentary lifestyle seem to be forming in early childhood. In this regard, in order to prevent childhood obesity attention must be paid to the children’s eating behavior and how they spend leisure time starting at an early age, so that corrective measures can be taken in a timely fashion.
Najoua Saafi has completed his PhD in medical studies at the age of 27 years from Sousse University School of Medicin. She is a principal doctor in public health since 1999. She has published more than 10 posters in different conferences, focusing mainly on obesity in different age ranges including pre-schooled and elementary kids, adolescents and adults aging over 40, hypertention, diabetes and emergency.
The group age 3 to 15 years old represent 20 % of the population in Tunisia. Each (HCC) have a consultation specifically designed to this age group within the farmework the National Mother and Child Health Program. To identify the incidence of obesity in this HCC we realize this cross-sectional survey of 122 children interviewed with on of their parents (122) attending two medical center in the periphery of Sfax (Ouled Ahmed ,Sidi Salah) each one with a population of about 4500. The incidence of obesity was12.5%: 15.2% among girls and 8.1% among boys.The average BMI was 14.29kg/m2.The average age was 7.56 years old. The proportion of children who spend more than 2 hours in front TV and/or internet was 65% and 38% more than 4 hours. Howewer,72% of the parents reports that their child are highly active liking race but 54% of obeses have no sportive activities.31% have at least repeat a year but 53% of fat children have no grade repeat. 68% brough sweetes and 29% sandwitches as snack. The incidence of obesity increases with age from 4% at the prescolar age to 10% between 12 and 15. This survey shows the chidren’s bad habits impliqued passivity of the parents in addition of sociocultural pressures.So It will be crucial in the success of the strategy of tackling child obesity to take care both the children and the parents.